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Diabetes Briefing: Technical Documentation
Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH)
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterised by too much glucose in the blood. The body breaks down digested food into a sugar called glucose from which it derives energy. The hormone insulin allows the body to use that sugar by helping glucose to enter the cells. When a person has diabetes, either the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the body cannot properly use the insulin it has. As a result there is a build-up of glucose in the blood causing the cells to be starved of energy.  There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is characterised by a lack of insulin production and occurs most frequently in children; Type 2 diabetes is the most common form in persons aged over 40 but cases are starting to emerge at younger ages, and is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin.   This document details hoe the IPH has systematically estimated and forecast the prevalence of diabetes on the island of Ireland
Keyword(s): Metabolic disorders; diabetes; Insulin; Child health
Publication Date:
2012
Type: Report
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: All Ireland Public Health Repository
Publisher(s): Institute of Public Health
File Format(s): application/pdf
First Indexed: 2015-05-29 16:05:42 Last Updated: 2015-05-29 16:10:45