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Development of block copolymer lithography for device structure fabrication
Senthamaraikannan, Ramsankar
This thesis investigated well-ordered block copolymer (BCP) thin film characteristics and their use for nanoscale pattern formation using a series of polystyrene-block-polymethylmethacrylate (PS-b-PMMA), polystyrene-blockpolydimethylsiloxane (PS-b-PDMS) and polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene oxide) (PS-b-PEO) systems of various molecular weights. BCP thin films, which act as an ‘on-chip’ etch mask and material templates, are highly promising self-assembling process for future scalable nanolithography. Unlike conventional BCP processing methods, the work in this thesis demonstrates that well-ordered patterns can be achieved in a few seconds compared to several hours by use of a non-conventional microwave assisted technique. As a result, well-ordered BCP nanoscale structures can be developed in industry appropriate periods facilitating their incorporation into current technologies. An optimised and controlled plasma dry etch process was used for successful pattern transfer to the underlying silicon substrate. Long range ordered BCP templates were further modified by selective metal inclusion technique to form a hard mask template towards fabrication of high aspect ratio nanopillars and nanowires. The work described here is centred on how these templates might be used to generate function at substrate surfaces. Herein we describe a number of innovations which might allow their successful uptake in a number of applications.
Keyword(s): Self-assembly; PS-b-PMMA; PS-b-PDMS; PS-b-PEO; BCP; Block copolymer; Nanolithography; Microwave; Plasma dry etch; Hard mask; Moore's law
Publication Date:
Type: Doctoral thesis
Peer-Reviewed: No
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Cork
Funder(s): Science Foundation Ireland
Citation(s): Senthamaraikannan, R. 2014. Development of block copolymer lithography for device structure fabrication. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.
Publisher(s): University College Cork
File Format(s): application/pdf
Supervisor(s): Morris, Michael A.
First Indexed: 2015-12-10 05:30:13 Last Updated: 2016-10-14 05:42:45