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Driving under the influence of drugs in Ireland: results of a nationwide survey 2000-2001.
Cusack, Denis A.; Leavy, C. Pauline; Daly, Leslie; Fitzpatrick, Patricia
Summary The number of deaths and serious injuries due to road traffic crashes in Ireland is a cause for serious concern. Although the number of fatalities has fallen significantly in recent years, standing at 339 in 2003 (the lowest number since 1963), tackling the problem of road safety remains a high priority for the Government, the Road Safety Agencies and the population in general. The Government Strategy for Road Safety has identified four major factors as contributory causes in road traffic crashes. These are Speeding, Non use of safety belts, Careless and dangerous driving and Intoxication. Alcohol intoxication has been long recognised as a major contributor to road traffic crashes. It remains the major intoxicant in drivers. Increasingly intoxication with drugs other than alcohol has also been recognised. Both the Council of Europe and the European Union have recognised the dangers of driving under the influence of drugs. The drugs fall into both licit and illicit categories. Driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) has been illegal under statute in Ireland since the 1961 Road Traffic Act. As a result of previous studies carried out by the Medical Bureau of Road Safety (MBRS), Department of Forensic Medicine, University College Dublin (UCD) and of Ireland's co· operation in the Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe, the MBRS applied to the Department of Environment for funding to carry out a study during 2000 and 2001 on blood and urine samples from drivers suspected of intoxicated driving in order to determine current trends in driving under the influence of drugs in Ireland and also to establish an evidence based model to inform future road safety strategies and review of current DUID legislation.
Keyword(s): DRUGS MISUSE; MORTALITY; ROAD SAFETY; SURVEY
Publication Date:
2004
Type: Report
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Contributor(s): University College Dublin. Medical Bureau of Road Safety; University College Dublin. Department of Public Health Medicine
Institution: Lenus
Publisher(s): University College Dublin.
First Indexed: 2016-04-23 07:05:17 Last Updated: 2017-05-12 06:59:38