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An education and training review of nurses working in child and adolescent mental health services in the Republic of Ireland
Office of the Nursing & Midwifery Services Director
Mental health has been defined as a state of well being in which the individual recognises their own abilities and is able to cope with normal daily stresses in life (Work Health Organisation, 2005). Positive mental health is a prerequisite for normal growth and development, for optimal psychological development, the development and maintenance of productive social relationships, effective learning, an ability to care for oneself, good physical health, and effective economic participation as adults. While most children and adolescents have good mental health, the number one health issue for young people is their mental health. Studies have shown that 70% of health problems and most mortality among the young arise as a result of mental health difficulties and substance use disorders (McGorry, 2005), while 1 in 10 children and adolescents suffer from mental health difficulties severe enough to cause impairment (HSE, 2013). Mental health difficulties in young people can damage self-esteem and relationships with their peers, undermine school performance and reduce quality of life, not only for the child or young person, but also for their parents, carers or family members. The majority of illness burden in childhood and more so in adolescence is caused by mental health difficulties with almost 75% of all serious mental health difficulties first emerging between the ages of 15 and 25 (Hickie, 2004, Kessler et al, 2005, Kim-Cohen et al, 2003) and the majority of adult mental health difficulties have their onset in adolescence. Mental health difficulties in childhood are the most powerful predictor of mental health difficulties in adulthood. It is essential that children and adolescents have access to timely assessment and evidence based treatments, provided by staff who are equipped with the relevant current evidence based knowledge and skills.
Keyword(s): NURSING; MIDWIFERY; MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES; CHILD; ADOLESCENT; EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Publication Date:
2015
Type: Report
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Contributor(s): Health Service Executive (HSE)
Institution: Lenus
Publisher(s): Office of the Nursing & Midwifery Services Director
First Indexed: 2016-04-23 07:06:43 Last Updated: 2017-05-12 06:54:18