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Physical activity guidelines: is the message getting through to adults with rheumatic conditions
Wilson, Fiona
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the awareness and self-report knowledge of physical activity (PA) guidelines among adults with rheumatic conditions and evaluates rates of adherence to PA recommendations. Secondary aims include (i) investigating perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and (ii) exploring correlates associated with PA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved adults attending an outpatient rheumatology clinic completing a questionnaire. Closed- and open-ended questions enquired about awareness and knowledge of PA guidelines, and a single-item self-report measure of PA was included. Perceptions of exercise were assessed using the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale. Descriptive statistics described participant characteristics and age-adjusted bivariate analyses explored associations between socio-demographic and condition-related factors and PA. RESULTS: A total of 401 adults (134 males, 267 females) completed the questionnaire. Only 17.6% of respondents were aware of national PA guidelines and 17.4% accurately identified the frequency and duration of the recommendations. A quarter of respondents (26.7%) reported adherence to the guidelines, while 30.5% reported no weekly PA. Higher perceived benefits and lower perceived barriers to exercise were positively associated with PA behaviour. CONCLUSION: A large majority of respondents were not aware of PA guidelines and self-report knowledge of PA recommendations was largely inaccurate. Despite the role of PA in health promotion and in the management of rheumatic conditions, adherence to PA recommendations was low. Level of education, perceived benefits and barriers to exercise, and awareness and self-report knowledge of PA guidelines are associated with PA behaviour.
Keyword(s): adherence; barriers; exercise; health promotion; patient education; physical activity; rheumatology
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Citation(s): O'Dwyer T, Rafferty T, O'Shea F, Gissane C, Wilson F., Physical activity guidelines: is the message getting through to adults with rheumatic conditions, Rheumatology, 53, 2014, 1812 - 1817
First Indexed: 2016-06-22 06:25:18 Last Updated: 2019-02-10 06:56:10