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Comparison of extraction methods for selected carotenoids from macroalgae and the assessment of their seasonal/spatial variation
Heffernan, N.; Smyth, T.J.; Fitzgerald, Richard J.; Villa-Soler, Anna; Mendiola, J.; Ibanez, E.; Brunton, Nigel P.
Natural bioactives are an excellent source of carotenoids for the production of nutraceuticals, functional foods and food additives. The extraction efficiencies of solid-liquid extraction (SLE), supercritical CO2, supercritical CO2 with ethanol as co-solvent for the recovery of the carotenoids, xanthophyll and fucoxanthin, from two brown macroalgae Fucus serratus and Laminaria digitata were explored. The extraction efficiency was measured using both purity and yield of target compounds. Solid liquid extraction. (hexane/acetone (70:30) at 50 degrees C for 24 h produced the greatest yield of carotenoid rich extracts from F. serratus. Optimal conditions in terms of carotenoid yield using supercritical CO2 were 50 degrees C, 300 Atm with an extraction time of 60 min. SCO2 yielded a higher purity of fucoxanthin while SLE resulted in a higher purity of xanthophyll. Seasonal/spatial variation based on the purity and yield was also investigated to provide valuable information on optimal harvest time for these compounds. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. ACCEPTED peer-reviewed
Keyword(s): macroalgae; supercritical CO2 extraction; carotenoids; fuxoxanthin
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies;37, Pt. B, pp. 221-228
Publisher(s): Elsevier
First Indexed: 2017-02-23 05:59:30 Last Updated: 2018-12-13 06:36:21