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Bile signalling promotes chronic respiratory infections and antibiotic tolerance
Reen, F. Jerry; Flynn, Stephanie; Woods, David F.; Dunphy, Niall; Ní Chróinín, Muireann; Mullane, David; Stick, Stephen; Adams, Claire; O'Gara, Fergal
Despite aggressive antimicrobial therapy, many respiratory pathogens persist in the lung, underpinning the chronic inflammation and eventual lung decline that are characteristic of respiratory disease. Recently, bile acid aspiration has emerged as a major comorbidity associated with a range of lung diseases, shaping the lung microbiome and promoting colonisation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. In order to uncover the molecular mechanism through which bile modulates the respiratory microbiome, a combination of global transcriptomic and phenotypic analyses of the P. aeruginosa response to bile was undertaken. Bile responsive pathways responsible for virulence, adaptive metabolism, and redox control were identified, with macrolide and polymyxin antibiotic tolerance increased significantly in the presence of bile. Bile acids, and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) in particular, elicited chronic biofilm behaviour in P. aeruginosa, while induction of the pro-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in lung epithelial cells by CDCA was Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) dependent. Microbiome analysis of paediatric CF sputum samples demonstrated increased colonisation by P. aeruginosa and other Proteobacterial pathogens in bile aspirating compared to non-aspirating patients. Together, these data suggest that bile acid signalling is a leading trigger for the development of chronic phenotypes underlying the pathophysiology of chronic respiratory disease.
Keyword(s): Infection; Pathogens
Publication Date:
2016
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Cork
Funder(s): Science Foundation Ireland; Health Research Board; Marine Institute; Teagasc
Citation(s): Reen, F. J., Flynn, S., Woods, D. F., Dunphy, N., Chróinín, M. N., Mullane, D., Stick, S., Adams, C. and O’Gara, F. (2016) 'Bile signalling promotes chronic respiratory infections and antibiotic tolerance', Scientific Reports, 6, 29768 (14pp). doi: 10.1038/srep29768
Publisher(s): Nature Publishing Group
File Format(s): application/pdf
Related Link(s): https://www.nature.com/articles/srep29768
First Indexed: 2017-07-06 05:37:22 Last Updated: 2017-09-06 06:38:57