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Catalytic potential of selected metal ions for bioleaching, and potential techno-economic and environmental issues: a critical review
Pathak, Ashish; Morrison, Liam; Healy, Mark G.
Bioleaching is considered to be a low-cost, eco-friendly technique for leaching valuable metals from a variety of matrixes. However, the inherent slow dissolution kinetics and low metal leaching yields have restricted its wider commercial applicability. Recent advancements in bio-hydrometallurgy have suggested that these critical issues can be successfully alleviated through the addition of a catalyst. The catalyzing properties of a variety of metals ions (Ag+, Hg++, Bi+++, Cu++, Co++ etc.) during bioleaching have been successfully demonstrated. In this article, the role and mechanisms of these metal species in catalyzing bioleaching from different minerals (chalcopyrite, complex sulfides, etc.) and waste materials (spent batteries) are reviewed, techno-economic and environmental challenges associated with the use of metals ions as catalysts are identified, and future prospectives are discussed. Based on the analysis, it is suggested that metal ion-catalyzed bioleaching will play a key role in the development of future industrial bio-hydrometallurgical processes. This work was financially supported by a grant from the Irish Research Council (GOIPD/2015/589). 2019-01-06
Keyword(s): Bioleaching; Catalyst; Metals; Leaching; Minerals; Civil engineering
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Contributor(s): |~|6201984|~|
Institution: NUI Galway
Publisher(s): Elsevier
File Format(s): application/pdf
First Indexed: 2018-02-28 06:20:35 Last Updated: 2018-02-28 06:20:35