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Hazard screening methods for nanomaterials: a comparative study
Sheehan, Barry; Murphy, Finbarr; Mullins, Martin; Furxhi, Irini; Costa, Anna L.; Simeone, Felice C.; Mantecca, Paride
Hazard identification is the key step in risk assessment and management of manufactured nanomaterials (NM). However, the rapid commercialisation of nano-enabled products continues to out-pace the development of a prudent risk management mechanism that is widely accepted by the scientific community and enforced by regulators. However, a growing body of academic literature is developing promising quantitative methods. Two approaches have gained significant currency. Bayesian networks (BN) are a probabilistic, machine learning approach while the weight of evidence (WoE) statistical framework is based on expert elicitation. This comparative study investigates the efficacy of quantitativeWoE and Bayesian methodologies in ranking the potential hazard of metal and metal-oxide NMs—TiO2, Ag, and ZnO. This research finds that hazard ranking is consistent for both risk assessment approaches. The BN andWoE models both utilize physico-chemical, toxicological, and study type data to infer the hazard potential. The BN exhibits more stability when the models are perturbed with new data. The BN has the significant advantage of self-learning with new data; however, this assumes all input data is equally valid. This research finds that a combination of WoE that would rank input data along with the BN is the optimal hazard assessment framework.
Keyword(s): nanomaterials; hazard assessment; bayesian network; weight of evidence; multi-criteria decision analysis; human health hazard screening
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): International Journal of Molecular Sciences;19, 649
Publisher(s): MDPI
First Indexed: 2018-03-15 06:25:08 Last Updated: 2018-03-15 06:25:08