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Polypeptide based hydrogels
Hanay, Saltuk
There is a need for biocompatible, biodegradable, 3-D printable and stable hydrogels especially in the areas of tissue engineering, drug delivery, bio-sensing technologies and antimicrobial coatings. The main aim of this Ph.D. work was to fabricate polypeptide based hydrogel which may find a potential application in those fields. Focusing on tyrosine or tryptophan-containing copolypeptides prepared by NCarboxyanhydride (NCA) polymerizations, three different crosslinking strategies have been tested to obtain polypeptide hydrogels. 1- Enzymatic crosslinking of tyrosine (Chapter 2): Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme crosslinks tyrosine via a radical formation mechanism. There are several reports of HRP crosslinked tyramine modified natural polymers such as chitosan, hyaluronic acid. However, when a library of tyrosine containing synthetic polypeptides was tested for HRP crosslinking, none of resulted in gel formation. 2- TAD click crosslinking of tyrosine (Chapter 3): 4-Phenyl-1,2,4-triazole-3,5-dione reacts (PTAD) with tyrosine in a click-like manner.1 Tyrosine copolypeptides were successfully reacted with commercially available PTAD. Then, a series of monofunctional and bifunctional TAD compounds were synthesized and tested. Hydrogels were obtained by crosslinking copolypeptides with hexamethylene-bisTAD. Although TAD-tyrosine reaction is fast and selective, TADs’ instability in aqueous conditions is a limitation for this system. 3- TAD click crosslinking of tryptophan (Chapter 4): Methyl-TAD reacts with indole groups very fast, efficiently and reversibly in organic solvents.2 Tryptophan (indole-containing amino acid) NCA monomer was synthesized, characterized and copolymerized with PEG-amine, Z-Lys, and BLG NCAs. Novel mono and bifunctional PEG-TADs were also synthesized. The polypeptides were PEGylated and crosslinked to produce hydrogels. 4- Novel organohydrogels (Chapter 5): The successfull strategy from Chapter 4 was further applied to produce novel organohydrogels gels with defined segments. Control over gelation kinetics was demonstrated by the hexamethylene-bisTAD reaction with tryptophan containing copolypeptides. Applying controlled lysine and glutamic acid deprotection, non-toxic organohydrogel consisting of a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic shell were obtained.
Keyword(s): Chemistry
Publication Date:
Type: Other
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: Dublin City University
File Format(s): application/pdf
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First Indexed: 2018-04-07 06:07:28 Last Updated: 2018-07-21 06:09:02