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Electrical power optimisation of grid-connected wave energy converters using economic predictive control
O'Sullivan, Adrian C. M.
This thesis investigates the advanced control algorithms used for optimally extracting energy from a wave-to-wire wave energy converter system. The research focuses on the wave-to-wire system model as a whole, instead of its separate subsystems. This allows maximum exportation of average electrical power onto the grid from a wave energy array, with minimum mechanical and electrical constraint infringement and acceptable power quality. An economic model predictive control algorithm is first described for a wave-to-DClink system with a single wave energy converter connected to a simulated linear generator. This work investigates the importance of including the linear generator’s resistive losses in the cost function. Linear mechanical and non-linear electrical constraints are introduced into the model predictive control algorithm, where the effects on the average electrical power harvest are presented. A model predictive control algorithm with a field weakening enabled cost function is introduced, where the feasible region is extended for low DC-link voltages. By including a uni-directional power flow constraint into the algorithm, the power exported onto the DC-link bus is guaranteed to be positive. A detailed analysis of the effect of uncertainty on performance was carried out, where the controller’s internal model is mismatched from the simulation model. The results indicate that the high fidelity of the controller’s internal model is not required and that a sufficient amount of average electrical power is extractable. A non-linear model predictive control algorithm is described, where the non-linear viscosity forces are incorporated into the control algorithm - extracting maximum energy from a viscous system. It was shown that given the constraints on the system that the non-linear action of the control algorithm could be approximated, a linear model predictive control algorithm with an estimated viscous term. This produces a computationally inexpensive control algorithm, while maintaining good performance. A move-blocking was also introduced to further reduce the computation expense. Finally the thesis considers multiple point absorbers in an array and analyses the potential benefits of using either decentralised or centralised model predictive control algorithms. This demonstrated that the performance of a decentralised controller becomes comparable to the centralised controller when linear mechanical constraints are introduced into the viscous hydrodynamic array. However, when an upper power limit is introduced into the control algorithm the advantages of the centralised controller become apparent.
Keyword(s): Model predictive control; Centralised control; Decentralised control; Average power maximisation; Power quality; Wave energy arrays; Wave to wire
Publication Date:
Type: Doctoral thesis
Peer-Reviewed: No
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Cork
Funder(s): Science Foundation Ireland
Citation(s): O'Sullivan, A. C. M. 2018. Electrical power optimisation of grid-connected wave energy converters using economic predictive control. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.
Publisher(s): University College Cork
File Format(s): application/pdf
Supervisor(s): Lightbody, Gordon
Lewis, Anthony
First Indexed: 2018-04-25 06:30:32 Last Updated: 2018-07-17 06:32:11