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Solid-state transformations of sulfathiazole polymorphs: the effects of milling and humidity
Hu, Yun; Li, Boyan; Ryder, Alan G.; Erxleben, Andrea; McArdle, Patrick; Rasmuson, Åke C.; Hodnett, Benjamin K.
The effect of milling on the solid-state transitions of sulfathiazole polymorphs in the absence and presence of solvent and excipients was monitored by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), attenuated total reflectance infrared (ATR-IR) and near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Sulfathiazole forms FII-FV undergo a transformation toward the metastable FI, which involves an intermediate amorphous stage upon milling at ambient temperature. Milling FIII with catalytic amounts of solvent converts FIII to FIV or to mixtures of FI and FIV depending on the solvent used. Pure FIV can be easily prepared from FIII by this method. The physical stability of pure sulfathiazole forms in the presence of different levels of relative humidity (RH) was also investigated. At low RH all sulfathiazole forms are stable but at RH levels above 70% FII, FIII and FIV remain stable while FI and FV transform to mixtures of FII and FIV without any apparent change in the external form of the crystals. Co-milling FIII with a range of excipients gave results which depended on the excipient used and co-milling with cellulose gave samples which had an amorphous content that was stable at 10% RH for at least nine months at ambient temperature.
Keyword(s): sulfathiazole; milling; polymorph transformation; stability; NIR spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; ATR-IR spectroscopy
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Funder(s): Science Foundation Ireland
Publisher(s): American Chemical Society
First Indexed: 2018-04-26 06:25:45 Last Updated: 2018-04-26 06:25:45