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A mechanistic basis for the mechanical regulation of skeletal development
SHEA, CLAIRE ANN
Movement is essential to embryonic skeletal development. In humans, Foetal Akinesia Deformation Syndrome results when inhibited movement causes joint contractures and weakened bones susceptible to fracture. Differentiation of skeletal tissues from mesenchymal progenitors requires precise localisation and timing of molecular and mechanical signals. Using mouse and chick models, the host lab previously showed that mechanical forces influence gene regulation and tissue patterning during skeletal development; however, there remain gaps in our understanding of the relationship between mechanical signals and skeletal development. The work presented here elucidates molecular mechanisms that underpin the influence of mechanical signals, by examining the role of Wnt and BMP signalling pathways, identifying Hippo signalling and primary cilia as potential mechanotransducers, and characterising molecular and mechanical aspects of in vitro chondrogenic pattern formation. Collectively, these data will inform avenues for exploration of the mechanoregulation of skeletal development.
Keyword(s): skeletal development, mechanoregulation, mechanosensitive, embryonic skeletogenesis, movement, chondrogenesis, osteogenesis, tissue differentiation
Publication Date:
2018
Type: Doctoral thesis
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Citation(s): SHEA, CLAIRE ANN, A mechanistic basis for the mechanical regulation of skeletal development, Trinity College Dublin.School of Natural Sciences.ZOOLOGY, 2018
Publisher(s): Trinity College Dublin. School of Natural Sciences. Discipline of Zoology
Supervisor(s): Murphy, Paula
First Indexed: 2018-05-04 06:10:14 Last Updated: 2018-05-04 06:10:14