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Longitudinal relations of mental health and motivation among elite student-athletes across a condensed season: plausible influence of academic and athletic schedule
Sheehan, Rachel B.; Herring, Matthew P.; Campbell, Mark J.
The full text of this article will not be available in ULIR until the embargo expires on the 16/03/2020 Objectives: This study characterised mental health, motivation, and their interrelations among 38 elite studentathletes over a 13-week season, while monitoring and considering the influence of their athletic and academic schedules. Design: Longitudinal. Method: Electronically-administered questionnaires measured total mood disturbance and depressive symptoms (weekly), sleep quality and trait anxiety (monthly), and motivation, basic needs satisfaction and motivational climate (weeks one and 13). Results: Thirty-seven percent of athletes reported scores indicative of mild-to-moderate depression, 32% were poor sleepers, and 8% were high trait anxious. These outcomes significantly improved over time, whereas the motivation-related variables remained stable. The athletes were predominantly intrinsically motivated, and reported high satisfaction of basic psychological needs. Task climate exceeded its ego counterpart. There were no significant sex-related differences for any mental health outcome at week one; however, autonomy and relatedness were significantly higher among females. Conclusions: Collectively, these findings suggest that psychological monitoring of student-athletes, particularly over intense athletic and academic periods, is a powerful tool for identifying potential mental health and/or motivation-related issues that may influence performance and well-being.
Keyword(s): mental health; elite student athletes; sport; psychology
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): Psychology of Sport and Exercise; 37, pp. 146-152
Publisher(s): Elsevier
First Indexed: 2018-05-24 06:25:54 Last Updated: 2019-01-10 06:34:18