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Effect of fast pyrolysis conditions on biomass solid residues at high temperatures
Trubetskaya, Anna; Jensen, Peter Arendt; Jensen, Anker Degn; Llamas, Angel David Garcia; Umeki, Kentaro; Glarborg, Peter
Fast pyrolysis of wood and straw was conducted in a drop tube furnace (DTF) and compared with corresponding data from a wire mesh reactor (WMR) to study the in uence of temperature (1000-1400) C, biomass origin (pinewood, beechwood, wheat straw, alfalfa straw), and heating rate (103 C/s, 104 C/s) on the char yield and morphology. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis, and ash compositional analysis were applied to characterize the e ect of operational conditions on the solid residues (char, soot) and gaseous products. The char yield from fast pyrolysis in the DTF setup was 3 to 7% (daf) points lower than in the WMR. During fast pyrolysis pinewood underwent drastic morphological transformations, whereas beechwood and straw samples retained the original porous structure of the parental fuel with slight melting on the surface. The particle size of Danish wheat straw char decreased in its half-width with respect to the parental fuel, whereas the alfalfa straw char particle size remained unaltered at higher temperatures. Soot particles in a range from 60 to 300nm were obtained during fast pyrolysis. The soot yield from herbaceous fuels was lower than from wood samples, possibly due to di erences in the content of lignin and resin acids.
Keyword(s): fast pyrolysis; drop tube furnace; wire mesh reactor; soot; CAMSIZER XT
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): Fuel Processing Technology;143, pp. 118-129
Publisher(s): Elsevier
First Indexed: 2018-08-09 06:34:47 Last Updated: 2018-08-11 06:34:56