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‘newcomer adaptation’: a lens through which to understand how nursing students fit in with the real world of practice
Houghton, Catherine E
Aims and objectives. To present a discussion on newcomer adaptation as a lens through which to understand how nursing students adapt to clinical practice and raise awareness of strategies that can be used to enhance their learning experiences. Background. Socialisation is an important factor that facilitates students' learning in the clinical setting. Therefore, it is beneficial to examine organisational socialisation literature, particularly that pertaining to newcomer adaptation. Design. This is a critical review of organisational socialisation literature. Methods. Seminal literature and more recent research in the field of organisational socialisation and newcomer adaptation were accessed. In addition, nursing and allied health literature examining students' socialisation and the clinical learning environment was retrieved. Conclusions. It is revealed in this article that to create an appropriate clinical learning environment, an understanding of socialisation tactics could be beneficial. Role modelling is deemed crucial to successful newcomer adaptation. Peer support is necessary but must be advocated with caution as it can have a negative impact when students form a 'parallel community'. Students with some knowledge of the workplace tend to adapt more easily. Likewise, students' disposition and, in particular, their confidence can also enhance the socialisation process. Relevance to clinical practice. Both the organisation and the student can impact on how successfully the nursing student 'fits in'. Understanding this through the lens of newcomer adaptation means that strategies can be put in place to facilitate this process.
Keyword(s): mentorship; newcomer adaptation; nurse education; organisational socialisation; peer support; preceptorship; professional issues; students' socialisation; clinical learning-environment; organizational socialization; professional socialization; nurses perceptions; experience; adjustment; education; outcomes; registration
Publication Date:
2018
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Institution: NUI Galway
Publisher(s): Wiley-Blackwell
First Indexed: 2019-03-23 06:30:17 Last Updated: 2019-09-20 06:54:10