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Micromechanical model for protein materials: from macromolecules to macroscopic fibers
Puglisi, G.; De Tommasi, D.; Pantano, M. F.; Pugno, N. M.; Saccomandi, G.
We propose a model for the mechanical behavior of protein materials. Based on a limited number of experimental macromolecular parameters (persistence and contour length) we obtain the macroscopic behavior of keratin fibers (human, cow, and rabbit hair), taking into account the damage and residual stretches effects that are fundamental in many functions of life. We also show the capability of our approach to describe the main dissipation and permanent strain effects observed in the more complex spider silk fibers. The comparison between our results and the data obtained experimentally from cyclic tests demonstrates that our model is robust and is able to reproduce with a remarkable accuracy the experimental behavior of all protein materials we tested.
Keyword(s): spider dragline silk; mechanical-properties; elasticity; toughness; strength; domains; design; force; nanoconfinement; deformation
Publication Date:
2018
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Institution: NUI Galway
Publisher(s): American Physical Society (APS)
First Indexed: 2019-03-23 06:37:33 Last Updated: 2019-03-23 06:37:33