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Discovery of very high energy γ-ray emission from the snr g54.1+0.3
Acciari, V. A.; Aliu, E.; Arlen, T.; Aune, T.; Bautista, M.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Boltuch, D.; Bradbury, S. M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Butt, Y.; Byrum, K.; Cesarini, A.; Ciupik, L.; Cui, W.; Dickherber, R.; Duke, C.; Finley, J. P.; Finnegan, G.
We report the discovery of very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from the direction of the SNR G54.1+ 0.3 using the VERITAS ground-based gamma-ray observatory. The TeV signal has an overall significance of 6.8s and appears pointlike given the resolution of the instrument. The integral flux above 1 TeV is 2.5% of the Crab Nebula flux and significant emission is measured between 250 GeV and 4 TeV, well described by a power-law energy spectrum dN/dE similar to E(-Gamma) with a photon index Gamma = 2.39 +/- 0.23(stat) +/- 0.30sys. We find no evidence of time variability among observations spanning almost two years. Based on the location, the morphology, the measured spectrum, the lack of variability, and a comparison with similar systems previously detected in the TeV band, the most likely counterpart of this new VHE gamma-ray source is the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) in the SNR G54.1+0.3. The measured X-ray to VHE gamma-ray luminosity ratio is the lowest among all the nebulae supposedly driven by young rotation-powered pulsars, which could indicate a particle-dominated PWN.
Keyword(s): gamma rays general; ism supernova remnants; pulsars individual (j1930+1852, j1928+1746); pulsar wind nebulae; supernova remnant g54.1+0.3; crab-nebula; veritas; telescope; astronomy; g0.9+0.1; catalog; search
Publication Date:
2018
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Institution: NUI Galway
Publisher(s): IOP Publishing
First Indexed: 2019-03-23 06:51:01 Last Updated: 2019-09-20 07:01:48