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Socio-economic gradients in self-reported health in ireland and northern ireland
O’Reilly, D.; Thompson, K. J.; Murphy, A. W.; Bury, G.; Gilliland, A.; Kelly, A.; O’Dowd, T.; Steele, K.
Background Research and policy related to reducing health inequalities has progressed separately within Ireland and Northern Ireland. This paper describes the first exploration of the socio-economic influences on health on the island of Ireland since 1922. Methods Postal survey. Results The response rate was 52%; 11,870 respondents. Men reported more long-standing illness (LLTI) or poor general health (PGH); depression was more common amongst women. Socio-economic gradients in health were evident in both jurisdictions, with the effects of household income being particularly marked. Overall, morbidity levels were significantly better in Ireland than in Northern Ireland: adjusted odds ratio Of 0.79 (95% Cl 0.71- 0.88) for LLTI; 0.64 (0.57 - 0.72) for PGH; 0.90 (0.82 - 0.99) for depression. Conclusions There is evidence of strong and similar socio-economic gradients in health throughout the island of Ireland. This would suggest joint policy approaches or at least further comparative evaluation of the initiatives in each jurisdiction.
Keyword(s): income inequality; rated health; individual income; national-survey; mental-health; mortality; story
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Institution: NUI Galway
Publisher(s): Springer Nature
First Indexed: 2019-03-23 06:51:48 Last Updated: 2019-09-20 07:03:18