Institutions | About Us | Help | Gaeilge
rian logo


Mark
Go Back
Genome editing: the breakthrough technology for inherited retinal disease?
Smith, Andrew J.; Carter, Stephen P.; Kennedy, Breandán
Introduction: Genetic alterations resulting in a dysfunctional retinal pigment epithelium and/or degenerating photoreceptors cause impaired vision. These juxtaposed cells in the retina of the posterior eye are crucial for the visual cycle or phototransduction. Deficits in these biochemical processes perturb neural processing of images capturing the external environment. Notably, there is a distinct lack of clinically approved pharmacological, cell- or gene-based therapies for inherited retinal disease. Gene editing technologies are rapidly advancing as a realistic therapeutic option. Areas Covered: Recent discovery of endonuclease-mediated gene editing technologies has culminated in a surge of investigations into their therapeutic potential. In this review, the authors discuss gene editing technologies and their applicability in treating inherited retinal diseases, the limitations of the technology and the research obstacles to overcome before editing a patient’s genome becomes a viable treatment option. Expert Opinion: The ability to strategically edit a patient’s genome constitutes a treatment revolution. However, concerns remain over the safety and efficacy of either transplanting iPSC-derived retinal cells following ex vivo gene editing, or with direct gene editing in vivo. Ultimately, further refinements to improve efficacy and safety profiles are paramount for gene editing to emerge as a widely available treatment option. Health Research Board Irish Research Council Wellcome Trust Fighting Blindness
Keyword(s): Retina; Photoreceptor; Retinal pigment epithelium; Inherited retinal disease; Gene editing; CRISPR
Publication Date:
2019
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Dublin
Publisher(s): Taylor & Francis
File Format(s): other
First Indexed: 2019-05-23 06:15:18 Last Updated: 2019-05-23 06:15:18