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False Memories for Fake News During Ireland's Abortion Referendum
Murphy, Gillian; Loftus, Elizabeth F; Grady, Rebecca Hofstein; Levine, Linda J; Greene, Ciara M.
The current study examined false memories in the week preceding the 2018 Irish abortion referendum. Participants (N = 3,140) viewed six news stories concerning campaign events-two fabricated and four authentic. Almost half of the sample reported a false memory for at least one fabricated event, with more than one third of participants reporting a specific memory of the event. "Yes" voters (those in favor of legalizing abortion) were more likely than "no" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "no," and "no" voters were more likely than "yes" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "yes." This difference was particularly strong for voters of low cognitive ability. A subsequent warning about possible misinformation slightly reduced rates of false memories but did not eliminate these effects. This study suggests that voters in a real-world political campaign are most susceptible to forming false memories for fake news that aligns with their beliefs, in particular if they have low cognitive ability.
Keyword(s): Bias; Fake news; False memory; Misinformation; Open data; Open materials; Politics
Publication Date:
2019
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Dublin
Publisher(s): Sage
File Format(s): other
First Indexed: 2019-09-28 06:21:58 Last Updated: 2020-03-18 06:20:42