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Inferring the model and onset of natural selection under varying population size from the site frequency spectrum and haplotype structure
Nakagome, Shigeki; Hudson, Richard R.; Di Rienzo, Anna
A fundamental question about adaptation in a population is the time of onset of the selective pressure acting on beneficial alleles. Inferring this time, in turn, depends on the selection model. We develop a framework of approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) that enables the use of the full site frequency spectrum and haplotype structure to test the goodness-of-fit of selection models and estimate the timing of selection under varying population size scenarios. We show that our method has sufficient power to distinguish natural selection from neutrality even if relatively old selection increased the frequency of a pre-existing allele from 20% to 50% or from 40% to 80%. Our ABC can accurately estimate the time of onset of selection on a new mutation. However, estimates are prone to bias under the standing variation model, possibly due to the uncertainty in the allele frequency at the onset of selection. We further extend our approach to take advantage of ancient DNA data that provides information on the allele frequency path of the beneficial allele. Applying our ABC, including both modern and ancient human DNA data, to four pigmentation alleles in Europeans, we detected selection on standing variants that occurred after the dispersal from Africa even though models of selection on a new mutation were initially supported for two of these alleles without the ancient data.
Keyword(s): Approximate Bayesian computation; Selective sweep; Natural selection on standing variation; Timing of natural selection; Genes & Society; Human Population Genetics; POPULATION GENETICS
Publication Date:
2019
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Citation(s): Nakagome, S., Hudson, R.R. & Di Rienzo A., Inferring the model and onset of natural selection under varying population size from the site frequency spectrum and haplotype structure, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286, 2019, 20182541
Related Link(s): https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2018.2541
First Indexed: 2019-11-07 06:58:27 Last Updated: 2019-11-07 06:58:27