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Phase engineering with all-dielectric metasurfaces for focused-optical-vortex (FOV) beams with high cross-polarization efficiency
Ahmed, Hammad; Rahim, Arbab Abdur; Maab, Husnul; Ali, Muhammad Mahmood; Mahmood, Nasir; Naureen, Sadia
Metasurfaces, the two-dimensional (2D) metamaterials, facilitate the implementation of abrupt phase discontinuities using an array of ultrathin and subwavelength features. These metasurfaces are considered as one of the propitious candidates for realization and development of miniaturized, surface-confined, and flat optical devices. This is because of their unprecedented capabilities to engineer the wavefronts of electromagnetic waves in reflection or transmission mode. The transmission-type metasurfaces are indispensable as the majority of optical devices operate in transmission mode. Along with other innovative applications, previous research has shown that Optical-Vortex (OV) generators based on transmission-type plasmonic metasurfaces overcome the limitations imposed by conventional OV generators. However, significant ohmic losses and the strong dispersion hampered the performance and their integration with state-ofthe- art technologies. Therefore, a high contrast all-dielectric metasurface provides a compact and versatile platform to realize the OV generation. The design of this type of metasurfaces relies on the concept of Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) phase aiming to achieve a complete 2 phase control of a spin-inverted transmitted wave. Here, in this paper, we present an ultrathin, highly efficient, all-dielectric metasurface comprising nano-structured silicon on a quartz substrate. With the help of a parameter-sweep optimization, a nanoscale spatial resolution is achieved with a cross-polarized transmission efficiency as high as 95.6% at an operational wavelength of 1.55 μm. Significantly high cross-polarized transmission efficiency has been achieved due to the excitation of electric quadrupole resonances with a very high magnitude. The highly efficient control over the phase has enabled a riveting optical phenomenon. Specifically, the phase profiles of two distinct optical devices, a lens and Spiral-Phase-Plate (SPP), can be merged together, thus producing a highly Focused-Optical-Vortex (FOV) with a maximum focusing efficiency of 75.3%.
Keyword(s): metamaterials; optical devices
Publication Date:
2020
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): Optical Materials Express;10 (2), pp. 434-448
https://doi.org/10.1364/OME.381354
Publisher(s): Optical Society of America
First Indexed: 2020-02-26 07:14:29 Last Updated: 2020-02-26 07:14:29