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The European Union
Warleigh, Alex
Democratization has suddenly become a fashionable theme in both the practice and the study of European integration.1 Since the Treaty on European Union (TEU) of 1991, which both raised the profile of the integration process and substantially extended the scope of powers enjoyed by the European Union (EU; the Union), the Union has become far more controversial. Received wisdom dictates that it suffers from a (generally unspecified) ‘democratic deficit’, which was scarcely noticed beforehand. Paradoxically, however, in the last decade several attempts to render the EU more democratic have actually been made, a good example being the significant empowerment of the European Parliament (EP). Moreover, the TEU made member-state nationals EU citizens, an unprecedented step in world history, even if EU citizenship remains rather limited. Indeed, the EU is preparing for both further enlargement and the next round of Treaty reform (due in 2004) by launching a process of ‘civil dialogue’ and a quasi-constitutional convention. These are supposed to provide suggestions about increasing the legitimacy and democratic credentials of the Union system.
Keyword(s): democratization; European Union
Publication Date:
Type: Book chapter
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Citation(s): Democratization through the looking glass, Burnell, Peter (ed);12, pp. 188-200
Publisher(s): Manchester University Press
First Indexed: 2020-03-06 08:00:05 Last Updated: 2020-03-06 08:00:05