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Receding-Horizon Pseudo-spectral Control of Wave Energy Converters Using Periodic Basis Functions
Auger, Clément; Mérigaud, Alexis; Ringwood, John
Power-maximising control of wave energy converters (WECs) can be implemented within a receding-horizon (RH) framework, whereby the reference force or velocity trajectory is updated in real-time by a feed-forward control (FFC) algorithm. For the computation of optimal WEC trajectories and control forces, Fourier pseudo-spectral (PS) control, using periodic basis functions, is simple and computationally attractive, for both linear and non-linear WEC dynamics. However, the finite-length wave excitation signal, as seen by the FFC, is in general nonperiodic. In this paper, it is shown that, despite the nonperiodicity of the input wave signal, a simple Fourier PS method can be successfully used as a FFC algorithm, by applying suitable windowing functions to the input signal when necessary. Furthermore, a simple wave forecasting algorithm is introduced, solely based on past values of the wave excitation, and the impact of wave forecast errors on the controller performance is investigated. Overall, with or without forecast errors, the proposed approach allows for power absorption above 99% of the optimum, for a forecasting horizon of less than 30 seconds for a linear WEC model, and less than 15 seconds for a non-linear WEC model including a quadratic viscous drag term.
Keyword(s): Wave energy converters; optimal control; power maximisation; receding-horizon control; Fourier pseudo-spectral methods; wave forecasting
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Institution: Maynooth University
Citation(s): Auger, Clément and Mérigaud, Alexis and Ringwood, John (2018) Receding-Horizon Pseudo-spectral Control of Wave Energy Converters Using Periodic Basis Functions. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 10 (4). pp. 1644-1652. ISSN 1949-3029
Publisher(s): Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
File Format(s): other
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First Indexed: 2020-04-02 06:01:37 Last Updated: 2020-04-02 06:01:37