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An Investigation of Hypofrontality in an Animal Model of Schizophrenia Using Real-Time Microelectrochemical Sensors for Glucose, Oxygen, and Nitric Oxide
Finnerty, Niall J.; Bolger, Fiachra B.; Pålsson, Erik; Lowry, John P.
Glucose, O2, and nitric oxide (NO) were monitored in real time in the prefrontal cortex of freely moving animals using microelectrochemical sensors following phencyclidine (PCP) administration. Injection of saline controls produced a decrease in glucose and increases in both O2 and NO. These changes were short-lived and typical of injection stress, lasting ca. 30 s for glucose and between 2 and 6 min for O2 and NO, respectively. Subchronic PCP (10 mg/kg) resulted in increased motor activity and increases in all three analytes lasting several hours: O2 and glucose were uncoupled with O2 increasing rapidly following injection reaching a maximum of 70% (ca. 62 μM) after ca. 15 min and then slowly returning to baseline over a period of ca. 3 h. The time course of changes in glucose and NO were similar; both signals increased gradually over the first hour post injection reaching maxima of 55% (ca. 982 μM) and 8% (ca. 31 nM), respectively, and remaining elevated to within 1 h of returning to baseline levels (after ca. 5 and 7 h, respectively). While supporting increased utilization of glucose and O2 and suggesting overcompensating supply mechanisms, this neurochemical data indicates a hyperfrontal effect following acute PCP administration which is potentially mediated by NO. It also confirms that long-term in vivo electrochemical sensors and data offer a real-time biochemical perspective of the underlying mechanisms.
Keyword(s): Hypofrontality; brain; electrochemical sensors; real-time monitoring; metabolism; schizophrenia
Publication Date:
2013
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Institution: Maynooth University
Citation(s): Finnerty, Niall J. and Bolger, Fiachra B. and Pålsson, Erik and Lowry, John P. (2013) An Investigation of Hypofrontality in an Animal Model of Schizophrenia Using Real-Time Microelectrochemical Sensors for Glucose, Oxygen, and Nitric Oxide. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 4. pp. 825-831. ISSN 1948-7193
Publisher(s): American Chemical Society
File Format(s): other
Related Link(s): https://mural.maynoothuniversity.ie/7005/1/NF-Hypofrontality.pdf
First Indexed: 2020-04-02 06:11:07 Last Updated: 2021-07-31 08:13:36