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Biosensor for Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid Designed for Efficient Use of L-Glutamate Oxidase and Effective Rejection of Interference
Ryan, Michael R.; Lowry, John P.
An amperometric biosensor for L-glutamic acid (Glu) was constructed by the adsorption and dip coating of L-glutamate oxidase (GluOx, 200 U ml–1 phosphate buffer, pH 7.4) onto 60-µm radius Teflon-coated Pt wire (1 mm exposed length). The enzyme was then trapped on the surface by electropolymerisation of o-phenylenediamine that also served to block electroactive interference. This procedure afforded electrodes with similar substrate sensitivity compared with the classical approach of immobilising enzyme from a solution of monomer, and represents an approximately 10000-fold increase in the yield of biosensors from a batch of enzyme. A number of strategies were examined to enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of the Pt/PPD/GluOx sensors operating at 0.7 V versus SCE. Pre-coating the Pt with lipid and incorporation of the protein bovine serum albumin into the polymer matrix were found to improve the performance of the electrode. The sensors had a fast response time, high sensitivity to Glu, with an LOD of about 0.3 µmol l–1, and possessed selectivity characteristics suggesting that monitoring Glu in biological tissues in vivo may be feasible.
Keyword(s): Biosensor; Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid; L-Glutamate Oxidase; amperometric biosensor
Publication Date:
1997
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Institution: Maynooth University
Citation(s): Ryan, Michael R. and Lowry, John P. (1997) Biosensor for Neurotransmitter L-Glutamic Acid Designed for Efficient Use of L-Glutamate Oxidase and Effective Rejection of Interference. Analyst, 122. pp. 1419-1424. ISSN 0003-2654
Publisher(s): Royal Society of Chemistry
File Format(s): other
Related Link(s): https://mural.maynoothuniversity.ie/8064/1/JL-Biosensor-1997.pdf
First Indexed: 2020-04-02 06:32:46 Last Updated: 2021-07-31 08:00:55