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Bullying and peer violence among children and adolescents in residential care settings: a review of the literature
Mazzone, Angela; Nocentini, Annalaura; Menesini, Ersilia
The present paper offers a review of the phenomena of bullying and peer violence among children and adolescents living in residential care settings (RCS). The review was conducted on four databases (Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO and ERIC). Findings of the 31 full-text papers included in the present work showed that bullying and peer violence involve various forms of direct and indirect attacks. While bullying in RCS involves severe and repeated aggressive actions, peer violence seems to be characterized by distinct levels of severity; i.e., low-level attacks are infrequent and isolated, whereas high level attacks may be severe and frequent. Several individual factors, such as age, gender, and length of stay in RCS were found to be associated with both bullying and peer violence. Contextual risk factors such as activities, structure and facility size, along with a residential peer culture characterized by a high level of hierarchy and a poor emotional bond between children and staff, contributed to bullying and peer violence. Furthermore, findings of the studies included in the present review showed that both perpetrators and victims manifest a number of behavioral and psychological problems. Overall, the present study offers a picture of bullying and peer violence among institutionalized children. However, distinct operationalization of constructs among studies, together with the use of different methods and measures, made comparisons among studies difficult. Future research should overcome these limitations in order to promote validity and compatibility of research in this field of study
Keyword(s): Sociology; bullying; peer violence; victimization; peer abuse; residential settings; institutional care
Publication Date:
2017
Type: Other
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: Dublin City University
Citation(s): Mazzone, Angela ORCID: 0000-0002-5858-8033 <https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5858-8033>, Nocentini, Annalaura and Menesini, Ersilia ORCID: 0000-0003-2302-3048 <https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2302-3048> (2017) Bullying and peer violence among children and adolescents in residential care settings: a review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 38 . pp. 101-112. ISSN 1359-1789
Publisher(s): Elsevier
File Format(s): application/pdf
Related Link(s): http://doras.dcu.ie/24568/1/Mazzone%20et%20al.%2C%202017.pdf,
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.12.004
First Indexed: 2020-06-12 06:43:04 Last Updated: 2020-06-12 06:43:04