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Autobiographical memory, the ageing brain and mechanisms of psychological interventions
Allen, Andrew P; Doyle, Caoilainn; Commins, Sean; Roche, Richard A.P.
Elucidating the impact of healthy cognitive ageing and dementia on autobiographical memory (AM) may help deepen our theoretical understanding of memory and underlying neural changes. The distinction between episodic and semantic autobiographical memory is particularly informative in this regard. Psychological interventions, particularly those involving reminiscence or music, have led to differential effects on episodic and semantic autobiographical memory. We propose that executive function is a key mediator of psychological therapies on autobiographical memory. We also highlight that interventions that alleviate stress and improve mood, including in major depression, can enhance autobiographical memory. Future research employing more longitudinal approaches and examining moderating factors such as gender and education level will deepen our understanding of changes in AM in later life, enhance our theoretical understanding of the neuroscience of AM and ageing, and help to develop better targeted interventions for preserving AM in older adults.
Keyword(s): Memory; Executive function; Ageing; Dementia; Reminiscence therapy
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Institution: Maynooth University
Citation(s): Allen, Andrew P and Doyle, Caoilainn and Commins, Sean and Roche, Richard A.P. (2018) Autobiographical memory, the ageing brain and mechanisms of psychological interventions. Ageing Research Reviews, 42. pp. 100-111. ISSN 1568-1637
Publisher(s): Elsevier
File Format(s): other
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First Indexed: 2020-08-01 07:28:22 Last Updated: 2020-08-01 07:28:22