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Geothermal energy : settlement and water chemistry in Cork, Ireland
Hemmingway, Phil; Long, Michael (Michael M.)
Detailed analysis of potential water chemistry and settlement issues associated with the installation of open-loop geothermal systems is infrequently carried out. This has led to the failure of several previously installed systems. Chemical analysis of water extracted from beneath the Cork docklands, Ireland has been performed by the authors in order to assess the suitability of the area for the exploitation of open-loop geothermal energy. The possibility of settlement induced by pumping of groundwater for open-loop systems has also been examined. Current market penetration of ground source heat pumps in Ireland is discussed to illustrate the infancy of the technology in Ireland relative to other European countries and to highlight the necessity of approaching the possible installation of such systems with the care required. Water extracted from beneath the docklands shows that significant water chemistry issues exist. Laboratory and field tests confirm that optimal concentration levels of several water chemistry characteristics are significantly exceeded; leading to the conclusion that open-loop exploitation in the area may not be suitable. In addition, settlement induced by pumping of water could potentially lead to a consolidation settlement in excess of 30 mm due primarily to the existence of highly compressible alluvium. Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology
Keyword(s): Geothermal; Open loop; Chemistry; Water; Settlement; Site investigation; Geothermal resources--Ireland--Cork; Renewable energy sources--Ireland--Cork; Water chemistry
Publication Date:
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Dublin
Publisher(s): Institution of Engineers
File Format(s): other; application/pdf
First Indexed: 2012-08-25 05:15:10 Last Updated: 2018-10-11 15:53:29