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Equality as steady state or equality as threshold? Northern Ireland after the Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement, 1998
Todd, Jennifer
It is possible to identify two starkly opposed positions on the regulation of ethnic conflict.1 On the one hand, there is the view that such conflict is in important part driven by a popular perception of unequal treatment on the basis of ethnic category, such that the equal recognition of opposed ethnic identities, equal institutional opportunities and provisions for cultural expression, equality for opposed national aspirations, and an equalisation of group economic condition allows a diminution of conflict and a moderation of ethnic demands. On the other hand, there is the view that ethnic conflict is primarily elite-driven with elites framing popular grievances in ethnic terms, so that the institutionalisation of ethnic equality and more generally the appeasement of ethnic demands rewards intransigence among leaders and congeals social divisions. Debates on the relative priorities of defeating terrorism or of remedying the grievances of subjected populations refer to precisely these principles, as do debates on the role of egalitarian measures (from affirmative action policies to consociational institutions) in ethnic conflict prevention and regulation.2 Author has checked copyright
Keyword(s): Ethnic conflict; Equality politics; Inequality
Publication Date:
Type: Book chapter
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: University College Dublin
Publisher(s): Palgrave Macmillan
First Indexed: 2013-10-02 05:17:26 Last Updated: 2018-10-11 14:54:34