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Pregnancy and employment: A literature review
Russell, Helen; Banks, Joanne
This literature review forms part of a major new research study on women’s experiences in the workplace during and after pregnancy, commissioned by the HSE Crisis Pregnancy Programme and the Equality Authority. In addition to this review the research involved a study of pregnancy discrimination cases in the Equality Tribunal and Labour Court, 1999 – 2008 (Banks & Russell, 2011) and a nationwide survey of 2,300 working mothers (Russell, Watson, Banks, forthcoming). The broad objective of the research project was to investigate the influence of pregnancy and childbirth on women’s employment experiences, including an assessment of pregnancy-related discrimination in Ireland, and how these experiences are shaped by organisational factors and women’s attitudes and characteristics. While there is a very substantial literature on the impact of childbearing on women’s employment careers and on the transitions back into work, these studies focus on the period after childbirth and rarely focus on pregnancy. Instead there is a rather separate literature on pregnancy in the workplace, which deals with the health consequences of employment during pregnancy, pregnancy discrimination and maternity rights. In this literature review we bring together evidence from both these sources to consider how pregnancy and maternity is experienced in the workplace and to understand the immediate and longer term outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth on women’s employment.
Keyword(s): PREGNANCY; EMPLOYMENT
Publication Date:
2011
Type: Report
Peer-Reviewed: Unknown
Language(s): English
Institution: Lenus
Publisher(s): HSE Crisis Pregnancy Programme, Equality Authority
First Indexed: 2014-04-03 06:39:04 Last Updated: 2017-05-12 06:47:18