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Epigenetic Regulation of Glucose Transporters in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
O'BYRNE, KEN; BAIRD, ANNE-MARIE; GRAY, STEVEN
Due to their inherently hypoxic environment, cancer cells often resort to glycolysis, or the anaerobic breakdown of glucose to form ATP to provide for their energy needs, known as the Warburg effect. At the same time, overexpression of the insulin receptor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with an increased risk of metastasis and decreased survival. The uptake of glucose into cells is carried out via glucose transporters or GLUTs. Of these, GLUT-4 is essential for insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Following treatment with the epigenetic targeting agents histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), GLUT-3 and GLUT-4 expression were found to be induced in NSCLC cell lines, with minimal responses in transformed normal human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs). Similar results for GLUT-4 were observed in cells derived from liver, muscle, kidney and pre-adipocytes. Bioinformatic analysis of the promoter for GLUT-4 indicates that it may also be regulated by several chromatin binding factors or complexes including CTCF, SP1 and SMYD3. Chromatin immunoprecipitation studies demonstrate that the promoter for GLUT-4 is dynamically remodeled in response to HDACi. Overall, these results may have value within the clinical setting as (a) it may be possible to use this to enhance fluorodeoxyglucose (18F) positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging sensitivity; (b) it may be possible to target NSCLC through the use of HDACi and insulin mediated uptake of the metabolic targeting drugs such as 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG); or (c) enhance or sensitize NSCLC to chemotherapy.
Keyword(s): Oncology; lung cancer; Glucose Transporters
Publication Date:
2011
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Citation(s): Kenneth J. O'Byrne ; Anne-Marie Baird ; Lisa Kilmartin ; Jennifer Leonard ; Calen Sacevich ; Steven G. Gray, Epigenetic Regulation of Glucose Transporters in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Cancers, 3, 2, 2011, 1550-1565
Publisher(s): MDPI
First Indexed: 2014-05-13 05:53:20 Last Updated: 2015-04-11 05:30:28