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The myristoylation of TRIF-related adaptor molecule is essential for Toll-like receptor 4 signal transduction
MCGETTRICK-DILLON, ANNE; O'NEILL, LUKE ANTHONY JOHN
peer-reviewed TRIF-related adaptor molecule (TRAM) is the fourth Toll/IL-1 resistance domain-containing adaptor to be described that participates in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. TRAM functions exclusively in the TLR4 pathway. Here we show by confocal microscopy that TRAM is localized in the plasma membrane and the Golgi apparatus, where it colocalizes with TLR4. Membrane localization of TRAM is the result of myristoylation because mutation of a predicted myristoylation site in TRAM (TRAM-G2A) brought about dissociation of TRAM from the membrane and its relocation to the cytosol. Further, TRAM, but not TRAM-G2A, was radiolabeled with [3H]myristate in vivo. Unlike wild-type TRAM, overexpression of TRAM-G2A failed to elicit either IFN regulatory factor 3 or NF-kappaB signaling. Moreover, TRAM-G2A was unable to reconstitute LPS responses in bone marrow-derived macrophages from TRAM-deficient mice. These observations provide clear evidence that the myristoylation of TRAM targets it to the plasma membrane, where it is essential for LPS responses through the TLR4 signal transduction pathway, and suggest a hitherto unappreciated manner in which LPS responses can be regulated.
Keyword(s): Biochemistry
Publication Date:
2006
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: Trinity College Dublin
Citation(s): Rowe DC, McGettrick AF, Latz E, Monks BG, Gay NJ, Yamamoto M, Akira S, O'Neill LA, Fitzgerald KA, Golenbock DT `The myristoylation of TRIF-related adaptor molecule is essential for Toll-like receptor 4 signal transduction? in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, (16), 2006, pp 6299- 6304
Publisher(s): National Academy of Sciences
File Format(s): application/pdf
First Indexed: 2014-05-13 05:57:38 Last Updated: 2015-04-10 05:41:12