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The impact of adjustment for socioeconomic status on comparisons of cancer incidence between two European countries
Donnelly, David W.; Hegarty, Avril C.; Sharp, Linda; Carsin, Anne-Elie; Deady, Sandra; McCluskey, Neil; Comber, Harry; Gavin, Anna
Background. Cancer incidence rates vary considerably between countries and by socioeconomic status (SES). We investigate the impact of SES upon the relative cancer risk in two neighbouring countries. Methods. Data on 229,824 cases for 16 cancers diagnosed in 1995–2007 were extracted from the cancer registries in Northern Ireland (NI) and Republic of Ireland (RoI). Cancers in the two countries were compared using incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted for age and age plus area-based SES. Results. Adjusting for SES in addition to age had a considerable impact on NI/RoI comparisons for cancers strongly related to SES. Before SES adjustment, lung cancer incidence rates were 11% higher for males and 7% higher for females in NI, while after adjustment, the IRR was not statistically significant. Cervical cancer rates were lower in NI than in RoI after adjustment for age (IRR: 0.90 (0.84–0.97)), with this difference increasing after adjustment for SES (IRR: 0.85 (0.79–0.92)). For cancers with a weak or nonexistent relationship to SES, adjustment for SES made little difference to the IRR. Conclusion. Socioeconomic factors explain some international variations but also obscure other crucial differences; thus, adjustment for these factors should not become part of international comparisons
Keyword(s): cancer; socioeconomic status; SES; Northern Ireland; Republic of Ireland
Publication Date:
2013
Type: Journal article
Peer-Reviewed: Yes
Language(s): English
Institution: University of Limerick
Funder(s): Health Research Board
Citation(s): Journal of Cancer Epidemiology;Article ID 612514
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/612514
Publisher(s): Hindawi Publishing Corporation
First Indexed: 2014-05-17 05:42:49 Last Updated: 2019-04-05 06:34:16