That the health of the individual and the community depends
largely on their surroundings being sanitary is now universally admitted. That this rule is specially applicable to the young,
is acknowledged by all sanitarians, and that therefore their
schools, wherein they spend so many hours, should meet all the
requirements of modern sanitation will hardly be contested by
anyone devoting any consideration to the subject.
The growing and undeveloped structures of children, their
close contact in schools for a number of hours, their less
power of resistance to cold and other depressing influences, all
render them remarkably susceptible to the causes and spread
of disease. An inquiry, therefore, into the sanitary conditions
of our National School is not alone interesting, but of
great practical importance. According to the last Official report
there are no less than 8,651 of these schools, and on their
rolls 808,467 students. I have for some years been making
personal observations and in...