This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the journal Environmental Science and Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Environmental Science and Policy, volume 14, issue 4, June 2011, 419-431,DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2011.03.006
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) in Europe aims, inter alia, to achieve at least “good” water quality status by 2015 by mitigating the causes of pollution. However, with the implementation of programmes of measures in 2012, many catchments may not achieve good water quality status within this timeframe due to the time lag of nutrient transport from source to receptor via hydrological and hydrogeological pathways. An appraisal of catchmen...